Students are expected to acquire - the tools and concepts to understand and represent individual behaviour both as consumption units, investors and firms, in certain, uncertain and strategic environments - the tools and concepts to understand and represent the working of single markets, in conditions of perfect and imperfect competition and the basic tools for intervention and regulation - the tools and concepts to understand and interpret the working of the whole economy, its properties and limitations - ability to solve problems conceerning individual and market behaviour - critical and selective capacity to apply the above tools to analyze, interpret and represent real phenomena from the microeconomic point of view - ability to autonomously read and understand advanced textbooks and academic articles at the frontier of economic literature in the field of microeconomics.

The student will be assessed on - his/her demonstrated ability to discuss the main course contents using appropriate terminology, proper concepts and rigorous thinking. - his/her demonstrated ability to solve simple problems concerning the main contents of the course, applying the appropriate tools.
This course is intended to serve as a broad introduction to the huge literature using agent-based computational approaches to the study of economic dynamics. It is organized in three parts. The first one (“Why?”) will discuss the roots of the critiques to the mainstream paradigm from a methodological, empirical and experimental perspective. We shall briefly review the building blocks of mainstream models (rationality, equilibrium, interactions, etc.) and shortly present some of the evidence coming from cognitive psychology and experimental economics, network theory and empirical studies, supporting the idea that bounded rationality, non-trivial interactions, non-equilibrium dynamics, heterogeneity, etc. are irreducible features of modern economies. In the second part (“What?”) we shall discuss what ACE is and what are its main tools of analysis. We will define an ABM and present many examples of classes of ABMS, from the simplest (cellular automata, evolutionary games) to the most complicated ones (micro-founded macro models).The third part (“How?”) aims at understanding how ABMs can be designed, implemented and statistically analyzed. We shall briefly present the basics of programming, by both discussing the pros and cons of using simulation platforms (Matlab, NetLogo, Swarm, LSD, etc.) vs. computer languages (Java, C++, etc.) and providing some simple “hands-on” applications to cellular automata. Finally, we will see how the outputs of ABMs simulation should be treated from a statistical point of view (e.g., Montecarlo techniques) and we will discuss two hot topics in ABM research: empirical validation and policy analysis.
The aim of the course is to examine the major decision-making areas of managerial finance and some selected topics in financial theory.
Starting from capital budgeting decisions, the course covers the main company valuation methodologies and examines the effect of corporate decisions on market value through the event study methodology.
The course reviews the theory and empirical evidence related to Mergers & Acquisitions and concludes examining the IPO decision and the effects of corporate governance characteristics of listed companies

Course Outline
- Project valuation with DCF methodologies
- Business Valuation: DCF and multiple methods
- The event study methodology
- Mergers & Acquisitions
- IPO and corporate governance issues for listed companies.
The aim of this course is to introduce students to the main topics of economic methodology, linking philosophical issues with practical problems that economists face in the confrontation of models with data. The course focuses on forms of explanation in economics; foundational issues of probability, statistical and causal inference; the role of models and their appraisal; issues in decision theory and the methodology of experimental economics
Lecturer: MARTINELLI Arianna, TAMAGNI Federico

ECTS: 6

Description:
The course introduces to recent developments in theory and empirics of firm dynamics and to its interplay with innovation patterns in shaping aggregate outcomes such as growth, productivity and international trade. The course has a strong applied focus, providing students with solid knowledge of the empirical evidence concerning key firm-level characteristics (size, growth, productivity and innovation) and industry-level dynamics, with the final aim to develop an informed view about the ability of theories to match with stylised facts.

Course outline:
1. Firm heterogeneity and firm-industry dynamics: review of alternative theories
2. The dynamics of firm productivity: empirics and stylised facts
3. Firm size and firm growth: empirics and stylised facts
4. The role of entry, exit and firm age in industry dynamics
4. Productivity, firm growth and industrial dynamics: empirics and stylised facts
5. Sectoral patterns of innovation
6. Measuring innovative activity of firms
7. Innovation and firm-growth
8. Firms in international trade

Textbooks: lecture notes and reading list to be provided in class

Final evaluation: written exam and evaluation of group-works

IMPORTANT: WE ARE ORGANIZING ON-LINE TEACHING TO TACKLE COVID-19 ISSUES -- ALL STUDENTS INTERESTED IN THIS COURSE PLEASE SEND AN EMAIL TO federico.tamagni@santannapisa.it